A Deep Dive into Angioplasty Stent Alternatives

Enhancing Heart Wellness: A Deep Dive into Angioplasty Stent Alternatives

Angioplasty: Saving Lives, What Stent Choices Do I Have

20 October 2023

In cardiac care, angioplasty has emerged as a life-saving procedure, offering hope to countless individuals suffering from heart conditions. As we dive into this critical medical intervention, we will explore the risk factors leading to heart attacks, underscoring the urgency and importance of angioplasty. Additionally, we will shed light on the various stent choices available, allowing patients and their families to make informed decisions regarding their cardiac Health.

The Reality of Heart Attacks

Heart attacks, also known as myocardial infarctions, have become increasingly common in India, affecting people of all ages. Unhealthy lifestyle habits, such as a sedentary routine, poor diet, and stress, contribute significantly to the surge in heart disease cases. Other risk factors include smoking, excessive alcohol ingesting, high blood pressure, diabetes, and obesity.

The Reality of Heart Attacks

Notably, due to an unhealthy and stressful urban lifestyle, India has witnessed a growing trend of heart disease cases in younger individuals. This reality is a wake-up call for everyone to pay attention to their heart health and positively change their lifestyle.

Angioplasty: The Procedure

When a heart attack occurs, or the arteries leading to the heart become severely blocked, angioplasty is often recommended as a life-saving procedure. This minimally invasive intervention involves the insertion of a small balloon-tipped catheter into the affected artery. The balloon is then inflated, widening the narrowed artery & restoring blood flow to the heart.

While angioplasty can be performed as an emergency during a heart attack, it can also be done as an elective treatment to alleviate symptoms like chest pain (angina) and prevent future cardiac events.

Angioplasty: The Procedure

In some cases, coronary artery bypass surgery is considered an alternative to angioplasty. Bypass surgery involves creating a graft to bypass the blocked artery, allowing blood to flow to the heart muscles. While both procedures effectively improve blood flow to the heart, the choice between the two depends on individual circumstances and the extent of the blockages.

Stent Choices in Angioplasty

During angioplasty, inserting a stent is crucial in maintaining the opened artery integrity. Stents are small mesh-like tubes that act as scaffolds, preventing the artery from collapsing and keeping it open for improved blood flow.

Bare Metal Stent (BMS)

Bare Metal Stent (BMS)
These are the traditional stents composed of metal alloys. They effectively support the artery, but over time, they may trigger a healing response that can lead to re-narrowing or restenosis of the artery.

Drug-Eluting Stent (DES)

Drug-Eluting Stent (DES)
These stents are coated with medication that gradually releases into the arterial wall, reducing the chances of restenosis. DES has gained popularity due to its ability to prevent future blockages effectively.

Bioabsorbable Stents

Bioabsorbable Stents
These innovative stents are designed to dissolve gradually over time, leaving no permanent metal scaffold behind. Although still in development, bioresorbable stents show promise in reducing long-term complications.


In India, where heart disease has reached alarming proportions, understanding the reality of heart attacks and their causes is crucial. Emphasizing the importance of a healthy lifestyle & timely medical intervention is essential in mitigating the risks associated with heart disease.

Angioplasty, a life-saving procedure, offers hope to heart patients, restoring blood flow to the heart and improving quality of life. When considering angioplasty, patients should be aware of the stent choices available, making informed decisions about their treatment.

Remember, prevention is always better than cure. Adopting a heart-healthy lifestyle, including regular exercise, a balanced diet, stress management & avoiding tobacco as well as excessive alcohol consumption, can significantly reduce the risk of heart disease. Prioritizing heart health today can ensure a healthier tomorrow for all of us.


1. https://www.aiims.edu
2. https://www.apollohospitals.com
3. https://www.medanta.org
4. https://www.fortishealthcare.com
5. https://www.maxhealthcare.in

Disclaimer: The information presented by Boston Scientific India is for educational purposes only and does not recommend self-management of health issues. The information should not be treated as comprehensive and does not intend to provide diagnosis, treatment or any medical advice. Individual results may vary and hence, it is advisable to consult your doctor regarding any medical or health related diagnosis or treatment options.